As the deacon or priest prepares the chalice by pouring in some wine and then adding a few drops of water, he prays quietly:
By the mystery of this water and wine 2 Mc 15:39; Jn 19:34The translation of this prayer has not changed, but it is still worthwhile for lay Catholics to be aware of it and its meaning: the wine represents the divinity of the Son, while the water represents His humanity. As the wine and water are joined inseparably in the chalice, so too the Son's divinity and humanity are joined in His one Person.
may we come to share in the divinity of Christ Rom 5:2; 2 Pt 1:4
who humbled himself to share in our humanity. Phil 2:8
Then the priest prays over the chalice:
Blessed are you, Lord God of all creation, Tob 8:5; Rom. 9:5This prayer follows the same pattern as the prayer over the bread: what was said for that prayer applies to this prayer as well. The changes made in the translation essentially the same: the inclusion of the word “for” before “through your goodness”, and the revision of “we have this wine to offer” to “we have received the wine we offer you”.
for through your goodness 2 Cor 9:8
we have received the wine we offer you: Gen 14:18-20
fruit of the vine and work of human hands, Ec 3:13; Mt 26:29
it will become our spiritual drink. 1 Cor 10:4